What Is Overselling?
Overselling is a deprived way to define resource management on servers.
It basically applies to the disk space only. Specifically, it applies to the bandwidth, but in realism these days there are so many bandwidths available, that it does not matter exterior of DDoS mitigation.
So let us use shared hosting (aka reseller hosting) as an example. There are four concepts to be considered:
Therefore, based on these key factors you have to manage the server: Does the entire allocation of space is used by the customer? In most of the cases, the reply is no. The average website comes under 1GB, and acquires only modest traffic at best. To reserve the space of X amount constantly would be wastage; it would considerably drive up costs. And within that the reason for overselling lies: to retain the costs down for customer.
To use some number from Stablehost — an outstanding host, that is very honest and transparent — a particular server might comprise 1200GB. Their $10 plan provides 20GB, and permits for 60 accounts per server which is not oversold (1200/20=60). The server may bring in $600 (10 x $60), which will hardly fulfil the costs of the server. Although a home desktop is economical, think of a server with multi-core Xeon CPUs, RAID-10 SAS server-grade hard drives, and 64GB+ of RAM is not. There are also energy charges to run them for 24/7, personnel costs for support, facility costs (co-location), bandwidth, etc. Therefore, that $10 wants to be like $30 or $40 to fulfil its costs!
Additionally, the server can only use a small portion of RAM and CPU, which is a total wastage of resources. You’d be giving a high price for that thing you don’t use.
Abruptly overselling does not sounding like a corrupt thing, does it?
Which Hosts Oversell?
All type hosts oversell, period. Any shared/reseller host that says something else is either lying, or they are charging an expanse corresponding to have such a service. (i.e. about $4 per GB)
Sadly, almost all hosts hide these details from customers. They mostly refer it as “trade secrets” or something similar gibberish. Mostly it is hidden because it is gone afar from mere overselling and entered the territory of overloading.
If you are a reseller host, it basically means you can do this using your reseller account. A simple check/tick box in cPanel permits the reseller to offer extra than that is available in their account. For an example, a reseller of 20GB with 20 x 2GB plans (40GB = overselling). The disadvantage to this is the host is now one level removed as provider, and too many overselling by the reseller can affect RAM and CPU on the server! Because of this fact, it really takes, a good host to provide dependable reseller hosting.
How Does Overselling Work?
The fundamental to “overselling” — or better however (again!) clever resource management, this is what really is — is to make a balance in between server resources, including CPU and RAM, disk space availability, and average customer requirements. You need to be capable keep your promises to the customer, while keeping charges in check.
Also, Stablehost has verified itself to be a truthful host, and has shared those values with us! For them, the magical number is 50%, and an accountable level of overselling is:
If at any time a site causes these amounts to drop, Stablehost will transfer that site to other server. (Except it is grown so large that it needs a VPS, but that is a different story for another time.)
It’s all about evaluating your hardware, evaluating your classic customer, and creating intelligent conclusions based on this data.
Unfortunately, many of hosts do not do this — particularly the “unlimited” hosts such as Godaddy, Dreamhost, and the different EIG brands (Fatcow, iPage, PowWeb, etc). What happens there is you wind up with a server that is not just oversold, but overloaded. It works slow, gets postponed for using “too many resources”, and is total unsatisfying to use. In our next part (part 2), we will examine What Is Overloading? , and which hosts are the usual offenders.